Enuresis is more commonly known as bedwetting is repeated inability to control urination. When a child accidentally leaks urine at night while he or she is asleep it is called Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting at night. This is a common problem for more than 5 million children in US alone. It is twice as common in boys then girls. Children with nocturnal enuresis may have excessive urine production or reduced bladder capacity.
Enuresis is of two types
- Primary nocturnal enuresis
- Secondary nocturnal enuresis
Primary Nocturnal Enuresis
Primary nocturnal enuresis is the recurrent involuntary passage of urine during sleep by child ages 5 or older who have never achieved nighttime dryness. Few children have enuresis only at night and few children only have day time symptoms
Secondary Nocturnal Enuresis
Secondary nocturnal enuresis is the involuntary passage of urine during sleep at night that has previously been dry for at least six months (secondary enuresis is when child starts wetting the bed that has previously been dry for at least six months. Up to 25% of bed wetter have secondary enuresis).
Daytime wetting is called diurnal enuresis. Some children experience either a combination of both. A condition is not diagnosed unless the child is 5 years or older.